1. How do you create a culture of CPD?
by Oliver Beaumont from Regent Oxford and Duncan Jamieson from OISE
They see CPD like a big beautiful garden. For greta things to happen, you need the right conditions. Important to focus not only on what you are doing but also on how.
Conditions needed: engage, energise, empower
What nutrients do you need to engage your teachers in CPD?
The vision, sharing the purpose of thea ctivity. Why is it happening at this time, how does it fit in with teachers’ career path and the vision of the school? Relevance need sto be clear. The environment – set up the conditions of the room so that it is conudicive to CPD, with posters that reflect the methodology in use and flipcharts from previous sessions. Make it a priority, ringfence time. How can you replicate that in your school? Not doing it after hours or in a lunchtime.
Give teachers a level of autonomy not only in how they deveop but what they develop as well. A level of choice in where they are going to go with it. This gives them ownership over it, making it more likely that they will invest in it and make an effort. Collaboration – try to foster it as much as possible.
It’s a grand word but purposefully so. Often the part that is missed. It starts with follow up – meaningful action following whatever CPD so that development doesn’t stop at the end of the workshop. Feedforward – looking to the future and looking to help the teacher to develop, coaching them to be better. Impact – reflect on the impact not just of the training session or peer obs but on the implementation and how it affects learning etc.
Transfer of learning into practice – if you add feedback and coaching into a session with theory and demonstration and practice, transfer increases dramatically.
Three examples of activities
- Flash training
- Personalised peer obs
- Academic flair development programme
Focus not on what but how, this is how to put EEE into practice.
Inspired by flash mob – short period of time, full of energy, memorable. Good for busy times. A simple way to do a CPD exercise that doesn’t need a lot of time. You only need 20 minutes.
- Look at a current practice. (How do you…? How often do you…?) Input some fresh ideas – a few practical ideas or resources
- Action (What will you do this week with what came up in the session)
The following week for 10 minutes you have reflection – they can reflect on how it went, they can invite a peer in to observe for the specific period where they are doing something and focus on that particular point.
Personalised peer observations
Trying to move away from the lottery element where you go in not knowing what you are going to see, maybe see some good ideas maybe not, maybe put them into practice maybe not.
Decide on a personal focus (what is it that you want to develop in your teaching); construct an observation tool that targets this element; go and observe a lesson using that tool; reflect with peer and design an action plan. (E.g. swap and be observed using the tool you made)
Academic flair development programme
The opportunity to explore beyond a single session:
Progress theory – not just driving for the end goal but when workers (teachers in this case) can see progress, small steps of progress:
Exploring psychology in language learning and teaching – Marion Williams, Sarah Mercer, and Stephen Ryan
If you are looking to create a culture of CPD, focus on the nutrients, focus on the conditions, and amazing things will grow from there.
2. Are we really supporting new teachers?
Alistair Roy, manager of a BC teaching centre just outside Madrid.
Why this topic?
He has been teaching for 12 years, has worked for 6 dfferent schools and had 12 different posts. A lot of change, a lot of coming and going has been seen. Out of those 12 posts, only in 1 of them has there been a proper mentor and mentoring process. 26 – the number of people he has “mentored” in his career apparently. In one year he remembers having 7 mentees at one time, which is basically impossible. In Sept 2017, he started his latest role of manager. He had no mentor or induction. He got a phonecall on Friday and was told to start on Monday. He also had to deal with two brand new teachers when he was also brand new. When he asked other centres for help, he got checklists with things like “Do you have an ID card?” to use with the teachers. Not mentoring. He has since spoken to 24 different teachers about this issue, to show the teacher’s point of view of mentoring.
Do you remember your first day in your current job? Was it overwhelming? Yes. Most common doubts: How do the computers work? Do we use course books? What? Where? What is the assessment policy? Is there an acceptable behaviour policy? Where are the toilets? etc.
Do you remember your first day as a teacher? In addition to all the above the fact that you have never taught a class alone in your life.
Scraps of paper were planted in the audience. Think of them as info, questions, doubts etc teachers have on first day of work. They had to try and hit him with them. 6 hit. So imagine 6 things stuck beyond day 1. The rest: the pieces of missed information.
On one occasion he gave a checklist to a T and most of the answers were I don’t know. Information overload had occurred.
Were you assigned a mentor? What should a mentor be?
- a carer
- a teacher (a leader)
- a friend
- not a soldier but a colleague
- same level as you
A person who guides and supports by building trust and modelling behaviour
In one role, in a regular school, his induction programme lasted for the whole first year. He had an actual real mentor. Was one of the best things that happened to him ever. The mentor was in the same department, had a weekly 45 minute meeting built into the schedule. He was observed 9 times in the one academic year. Had the chance to observe 4 peers. He had a structured training programme provided and a training record that he could take with. He was given a bi-annual appraisal.
In the next role, a private language school. There was…none of the above. He was given in-house training from unskilled owners (never done a CELTA). He was given a contract and “the talk”. Then told to go teach FCE and Advanced. He didn’t know what they were.
91,7% of the people he spoke to have never been given a mentor.
What makes a good mentor?
- good communicator
- well organised
- honest but fair
What should a good mentor do?
- make time
- share experience
- set a journey
- be curious
- be inquisitive
- help the mentee self-assess
What can managers do?
- invest – not just economically
- dedicate time and resources (give teacher and mentor time to talk together)
- understand (don’t forget what it’s like to be there)
- a good teacher is your best resource (if you don’t keep them, you’ve got nothing)
After 5 years, 91% of teachers who have a good mentor stay in the profession. That falls to 71% if they don’t have a mentor. Quite a distinctive difference. Highlights the importance of a good, structured mentoring programme.
3. Personalised Development Groups: A framework for collaborative, teacher-led CPD
Josh Round and Andy Gaskins
Personalised Development Groups is shortened to PDGs.
- Research underpinning approach
- What are PDGs and how to do they work?
- Evaluation – how personalised and effective are they?
Traditional approaches are one size fits all, the focus is decided by the manager or trainer (top down), easy for participants to consume passively, probably not much follow up, minimal impact on practice.
There is a lot of research available now on the importance of CPD and its impact on improving student outcomes. Need to make this clear to the teaching team, is not just a tick box thing.
E.g. of research
(Josh highlighted the highlighted words.)
Need to move away from transmission of knowledge and skills to something more collaborative. reflective development, creating learning communities.
A fresh approach to CPD
They wanted something less top-down. They would always have a person at the front talking, who gets more out of it as they had to prepare it. They wanted everyone to get more out of it. It was always Friday lunchtime and then it was the weekend all was forgotten.
Instead: less topdown and fragmentary and more personalised.
Pathways – broad areas of interest for groups to work on (some their ideas, some from the teachers – areas that would benefit the school or teachers were looking for more support or to refresh their practice) e.g.
Running the sessions: a balance between freedom to take ownership and support/structure to make it more beneficial.
6-8 teachers pr group, given a framework (the action research cycle) but left to the group to decide how to do this. Everyone gets involved.
Action research – qualitative and descriptive, observing what’s going on in the class, reflecting on that, implementing some kind of change.
- question (not easy, some groups took a few weeks to get going – useful to give prompts to help them get started, possible ideas to explore for each of the pathways.)
- Small change (take ideas into the classroom, doesn’t have to be huge, very narrow, very focused – decide what to do)
- implement (do what you have decided to do, be transparent about it, tell your learners what you are doing)
- observe (questionnaires, observations, interviews, teacher diary – simple things)
- reflect (talk about what you’ve done in your group, think about what to do next)
How did it work? How was it received? (Evaluation)
They started doing this in Sept 2015, now in the 6th cycle, it’s been established, got going, has become a norm. They have done some staff surveys after the first cycle and at the end of last year.
- 83% of t’s and 96% agreed it was effective
- space and time to explore something they are interested in
- take away practice ideas and experiment in teaching practice
- In the first round a lower number thought it helped them discover new resources but in the last round 100% agreed.
- High rates also for agreeing about it making a more reflective teacher and improve confidence/skills
Why do they sometimes not work so well?
- absence or sickness
- lack of structure
- some members do not contribute much
Enthusiasm of early adopters can have a positive effect, that is what you hope for to sway more reluctant ones.
At the end of the cycle, they do feedback presentations. So you (manager) finds out what has happened. Each group really wanted to tell/elaborate/share – each group gets 30 mins. Everybody gets to participate. Also promotes new, stronger work relationships and ongoing conversation about teaching.
Every second Friday at lunchtime, groups meet. But also in lessons, in the classroom, in your planning. It isn’t tidy, it’s a bit messy, needs getting used to. Teachers make two choices from range of pathways and you try and get people in first and second choice. Takes some time to get going and take off.